Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin.
Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, and the Public Interest Oversight Board. It also hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish.
The first documented reference to the city was recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period. The name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city “Magerit” comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, and means “Place of abundant water” in Arabic.
As the capital city of Spain, the city has attracted many immigrants from around the world. In 2015, people of non-spanish origins, including immigrants from Latin America, Europe, Asia, North Africa and West Africa, represented abit more than 10% of the city’s population.
The ten largest immigrant groups include: Ecuadorian, Romanian, Bolivian, Colombian, Peruvian, Chinese, Moroccan, Dominican, Brazilian, and Paraguayan.