Tender, juicy, flavorful melon – is it possible to find tasty dessert? Melon has been known since ancient times. Legend has it that this heavenly fruit gave people one of the angels, for which he was expelled from paradise, and cracks in the crust – this letter symbols inscribed by God that he sends a man as an omen of fate: after drawing cracks covering melon ever repeats that causes trembling in superstitious people. It is known that in ancient Egypt were grown melon. Seeds of melons and cucumbers were found in the tomb of Tutankhamun and the ruins of the Khazar city Sarkel.
Homeland most of currently known varieties of melon considered India and tropical Africa. The first plantations were cultivated melon in a few centuries before our era in North India and adjacent to it areas of Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia. In Muslim countries, the melon was perhaps the most popular dish, especially before Ramadan, during prolonged fasting, when the Qur’an prescribes only vegetarian food. In the East, even saying: “Melon makes young eyes, shiny hair, fresh lips, wants strong possible executable men desirable, and women – more beautiful.” Over time, the melon was grown considerably west – Minor and Central Asia.
Did melon in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. The Roman emperor Claudius Albinus, known for his gluttony, only ate breakfast up to ten melons. In the Middle Ages melon we learned in Europe, and she paid tribute to the doctors, and kings. Monahi- Crusaders gave the pope the Armenian melon seeds from which later brought orange, fleshy melon-kantaluk, which is now the most common in Europe. In the XVIII century melon served as an exquisite dessert at the court of Louis. At the end of the XIX century in England melon grown in greenhouses.
In XV-XVI century melon brought from Central Asia to Russia, in the Lower Volga region. Father Peter I, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, had a “melon craftsmen” who cultivated melon Moscow. The wizard checks the temperature of their own backs. If the room in which the melons grown, his back was cold, they sheltered melon and wore another shirt. If after that it was still cool, they have put a second shirt and melon wrapped up again. And raised near Moscow this wonderful vegetable, dressing and undressing him, to please the king. When Peter I built greenhouses in Moscow received a surprisingly large and incredibly delicious melons, that admiration of foreigners.
Melon – an annual herb of the family Cucurbitaceae, gourds of the genus cucumber. Melon fruit – a false berry, melon polyspermous various shapes, weighing from 200g to 20kg.
In Asia, the melon is served after the first dishes and pilaf, because it is believed that it helps to digest fatty fine food.
Unlike watermelon melon is able to ripen in storage. Of dried melon, except that a refined delicacy, retains the beneficial properties of fresh.
Prized melon primarily for high palatability. But it also has medicinal and dietary properties. There is even a melon diet. Melon pulp contains digestible sugars, proteins, vitamins, starch, cellulose, pectin, carotene, various mineral salts, organic acids. Melons are rich in silicon, iron and potassium. Melon contains vitamin C more than other melons. Fiber contained in the pulp of the melon, improves digestion, promotes the excretion of cholesterol, a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora. Melon has a calming effect on the nervous system, it contains substances that promote the production of serotonin, “happiness hormone”, enzymes that promote blood formation. A diuretic, helpful for atherosclerosis, rheumatism, constipation, hemorrhoids, gout, diseases of the blood, cardiovascular system and kidneys. Avicenna wrote about the ability of melon output small stones from the kidneys and bladder. Jam and marmalade melon for its healing properties equate to honey. Due to the presence of sugars in the melon is not recommended to lean on her diabetes, ulcer and “hepatic”. It is also not recommended to use a melon nursing mothers (may cause the child severe dyspepsia) and intestinal disorders.
In folk medicine, melon fed malnourished patients, especially after surgery, an illness of the liver, and melon peel used for bruises as a pain reliever, with a strong cough, sore throat, gout. Corky in these cases tied to the inner surface of the affected area as a compress. Melon seeds and used to increase male power. Old Russian “herbalists” melon pulp is recommended for different mental disorders, depression, gastric diseases, tuberculosis, scurvy, gout, rheumatism, and as an anti anthelmintic. A decoction in milk melon seed physicians prescribed for urinary retention and bladder stones and melon juice – for constipation and hemorrhoids. The aqueous extract of seeds is famous as an effective laxative and diuretic, useful in diseases of the liver, kidneys and bladder.
Melon and used for cosmetic purposes. From her flesh prepare nutritious and toning mask. Melon peel contain antioxidant substances that have a rejuvenating effect on the skin.
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