Birthday: 5/22/1907, the
Age: 82 years
Place of birth: Dorking, Surrey, United Kingdom
Date of Death: 11/07/1989 Year
Place of death: Stayning, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Height: 178 cm
Original name: Laurence Kerr Olivier
One of the greatest English-speaking actors
Some call Laurence Olivier’s greatest English-speaking actor, and some believe that the level of his acting failed to beat anyone in the world. He played more than a hundred roles on stage, including Katarina in ‘Taming of the Shrew’ and Astrova in ‘Uncle Vanya’, he starred in more than a hundred films, became famous as a singer as Hamlet and director of the trilogy of plays by Shakespeare. Finally, the story of his love for the legendary actress Vivien Leigh for more than half a century continues to excite the heart.
Sir Laurence Kerr Olivier eleven times nominated for an Academy Award and has twice been awarded her – as the best leading actor and best director. In addition, the actor has been awarded three Golden Globe twice – BAFTA Award and five times – Award Emmy, and the total number of awards it is approaching forty. Assessing the level of the actor always is subjective, but we can confidently assert that the status of a great actor Laurence earned in full.
Laurence Olivier is a distant descendant of the move to England the French Huguenots, and for several generations of his family are engaged in ministry in the church. He was born May 22, 1907 in the English town of Dorking. Father Lawrence, a priest, Gerard Olivier, different harsh character, and the boy was attracted by his mother, Agnes Louise, nee Krukenden. Unfortunately, the mother died in 1920, leaving three children orphans: Lawrence and his sister and brother, and Sybil Gerard. The first time the future great actor appeared on stage at age 9, playing Brutus in a school production of ‘Julius Caesar’, and at the same time praised his game well-known actress Ellen Terry. In 13 years, Larry Olivier went to study at Oxford School of St. Edward. During the theater festival it in the best tradition of Shakespeare’s time to play in the school play Katarina ‘Taming of the Shrew’ and Pak in ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream’. Advances son persuaded Olivier Sr. that his son should become an actor.
In 1924, Lawrence went to the London Central School of Dramatic Art and oratory, and after it was accepted to the troupe ‘Repertory’ in Birmingham. One year later, he became a leading actor, playing the role of Hamlet and Macbeth. In 1930, Laurence Olivier married aspiring actress Jill Esmond. In 1930 they had a son Tarquin. In the same year, Olivier first appeared on the silver screen. He played a small role in the film Peter Bill ‘Temporary Widow’ and then the main character in the film ‘Yellow card’. This actor is not too serious about filming, considering the main business of your life stage where shone in roles of Shakespeare’s characters. During the presentation of ‘Romeo and Juliet’, he met a young actress Vivien Leigh, and promised to come to the show ‘Mask of Virtue “with its participation. This was the beginning of their friendship and collaboration of Olivier and Leigh in the film ‘Fire Over England “(1937) led to the beginning of the tumultuous love relationship between them. At the theater “Old Vic” Laurence Olivier staged several performances with Vivien Leigh, including ‘Hamlet’, where she got the role of Ophelia. Actress at the time also was married, and she grew up the daughter of Suzanne, so that divorce proceedings have become quite painful for lovers. Laurence Olivier to the end maintained a good relationship with his first wife and son.
In 1939, Olivier and Leigh went overseas. Olivier took part in the Broadway production of “No Time for Comedy ‘and starred in’ Wuthering Heights’, and Vivienne successfully auditioned for the lead role in” Gone With the Wind. ” After the Second World War, Laurence Olivier entered the service in the Air Force. He was trained and was promoted to lieutenant, but sorties never committed; Moreover, in agreement with the command, the actor went on to take part in theatrical performances.
In 1940, Leigh and Olivier were finally able to legalize their relationship, having celebrated a modest wedding with little or no witnesses. But their family life was not exactly happy. Filming in ‘Gone With the Wind’ he wore Vivienne and she began to appear frequently strange behavior, which later became manic depression. In turn, Lawrence did not consider his wife a great actress, and painfully reacted to her international recognition and received awards. However, together they starred in the famous film ‘Lady Hamilton’ (1940), which was a huge success in many countries, including the Soviet Union. At the same time, their joint Broadway production of ‘Romeo and Juliet’ has failed. The situation was exacerbated by the fact that in 1943 Vivienne was diagnosed with tuberculosis, and her pregnancy ended in miscarriage. After that, the actress fell into a severe depression, and do not always behave properly. Marriage Vivien and Larry lasted until 1960, and the novel Olivier with a young actress Joan Plowright began three years before that. In 1961, Olivier and Plowright had a son, Richard Kerr, then two daughters – Tamsin and Julie-Kate.
The highest achievement of art Laurence Olivier were two Oscar, which he received in 1948 as a leading actor and director of the film “Hamlet”; This film was also awarded the Golden Globe. In the early sixties, founded by Olivier National Theatre, whose director he was for many years. In 1947, the actor was awarded a knighthood in 1970, he was elevated to the peerage of England, and in 1980 the first of the actors was awarded the Order of Merit. The last role played by Laurence Olivier in the film, was the role of the old soldier in the film ‘War Requiem’ (1989). July 11, 1989 a great actor died.
His ashes buried in the Poets’ Corner of Westminster Abbey. The last film starring Laurence Olivier ‘Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow’, was released in 2004. In him the image of the villain Dr. Tottenkopfa was based on computer reconstruction of the frame with a young Laurence Olivier.
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