Andre Romell Young better known by his stage name Dr. Dre (b. February 18, 1965 – American rapper and producer, one of the most successful in the beatmaker rap music. It is considered the most important figure in the popularization of G-funk – one of the styles of rap music that emerged in the mid-80s in Los Angeles.
In addition to solo works, Dr. Dre produced albums for many rappers, among them Snoop Dogg, Eminem, 50 Cent, Xzibit, 2Pac, The Game and Busta Rhymes.
Dre began a musical career as a member of the group World Class Wreckin ‘Cru. Gained wide popularity at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s as a member of rap group NWA, which stood at the origins of gangsta rap. After the collapse of N.W.A. Dre began his solo career. In 1992 he released his first album titled «Chronic». He became a bestseller and brought the author a Grammy Award for the single «Let Me Ride». In 1996, Dre left Death Row Records, and established his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. For the second 2001 album, released in 1999, Dre won a Grammy for “Best Producer of the Year.”
During the 2000s, Dr. Dre was engaged mainly in producing side projects, sometimes recording duets with different artists. In 2001 and 2004, was named by Rolling Stone magazine among the highest paid entertainers. In addition to a musical career, Dre starred in three films: «Set It Off», «The Wash» and Training Day.
Rommel Andre Young, the first child of Theodore and Verna Yangov, was born Feb. 18, 1965, when Verne was only 16 years old. Then the mother of Andre married his father, Theodore Young. His middle name – Rommel – Dre got through his father, who loved the group The Romells. In 1968, Verne divorced Theodore Young and later married Curtis Kreyona.
In 1976, Young began attending school «Vanguard Junior High School», but because of the activity of criminal gangs in the vicinity of the school, it had to change to «Roosevelt Junior High School». Dre’s mother later married Warren Griffin, whom she met at her new job in Long Beach. Subsequently, Warren and Verna was born several children. Thus, Dre appeared three half sisters and one half brother, who later also became a popular rapper, known by the name of Warren G.
Throughout the 1979 Dre was in school komptonskoy «Centennial High School». Soon, due to poor grades, he was transferred to the «Fremont High School». After an unsuccessful attempt to get a job in the airline Andre spent the rest of his high school years, working as a disc jockey at parties. December 15, 1981, 16-year-old Dre and Lisa Johnson, a son named Curtis. Curtis raised by his mother and father had not seen for twenty years.
In 1986, Dre met rapper Ice Cube, with whom he recorded several songs for Ruthless Records – rap label, owned by Eazy-E. Later Dr. Dre, Ice Cube and Eazy-E formed a group, which was given the name «Niggas With Attitude» (Eng. Niggaz with concepts), or, for short, NWA. The group was then a new genre of “gangster rap” music recording aggressive supplemented obscene texts of violence, poverty, sex, drugs, and the confrontation with the police. Their songs are very different from creativity predecessors, and NWA quickly became famous, becoming the first true stars of gangsta rap. Their first full-length album Straight Outta Compton and features included in it the song «Fuck the Police», has become very popular despite the complete lack of progress in the form of esters on radio or television.
Soon Ice Cube left N.W.A. due to financial disagreements, and Dre almost single-handedly produced and published a second album – «Efil4zaggin», that when reading the contrary read as «Niggaz4Life».
«The Chronic» and Death Row Records
After a dispute with Eazy-E Dre left the band at the peak of its popularity and on the advice of a friend began to cooperate with Shugom Knight – known gangster, a businessman and owner of the label Death Row Records. In 1991, Dre released his first single. It was a duet with Snoop Dogg’om, which entered the soundtrack «Deep Cover». Dre’s debut solo album The Chronic was released on Death Row Records studio next year. On this album, Dre created a new style of rap music, both in terms of instrumental and textual components.
With the single «Nuthin ‘but a’ G ‘Thang», «Let Me Ride» and «Fuck wit Dre Day», recorded a duet with Snoop Dogg, the album became a phenomenon of hip-hop of his time, and a new style of G-funk dominated the rap -Music throughout the 1990s.
In addition to working on his own album, Dre producing debut album Snoop Dogg «Doggystyle», which immediately got on the first line of the chart Billboard. In 1994, Dre also produced soundtracks for the films «Above the Rim» and «Murder Was the Case».
In 1995, as soon as the Death Row contracted with Tupac, Dre left the label, arguing that his decision by Suge Knight became corrupt, dishonest and uncontrollable. After that, Dre has organized his own label Aftermath Entertainment, which became a subsidiary in relation to Interscope Records.
Aftermath Entertainment (1996-1998)
26 November 1996 Young released next album – Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath which was the first album recorded on Aftermath. Despite the fact that the RIAA has awarded the status of the album “Platinum” among fans, he was not popular. In October 1996, Dre presented «Been There, Done That» on Saturday Night Live. Aftermath Entertainment also faced a lawsuit violation commercial brand Aftermath, because then there was a group of the same name. In 1996 also comes assembled tracks First Round Knock Out, which were collected all unreleased recordings Dre since World Class Wreckin ‘Cru and the recordings of Death Row.
The turning point for Aftermath became 1998. Then Jimmy Iovine, the head of Interscope, Dre signed Eminem advised – the rapper from Detroit. Yang also sproprodyusiroval Eminem’s debut album The Slim Shady LP, released in 1999.
Producing other projects
Over 20 years of musical career Dre released only two solo albums, and his third album «Detox» should be the last. In 2002, Dre told MTV News that «Detox» will be a concept album. Work on it, which began in the first quarter was 2004, the same year was stopped: Young decided to start producing other artists. Eventually he moved the release date for the end of 2005. After several delays, it became known that the album will be releasing Interscope Records, and the release date was moved to 2009. Among the artists whose participation in the album, it was confirmed, – DJ Khalil, Nottz, Bernard «Focus »Edwards Jr., Hi-Tek, JR Rotem, RZA, Jay-Z, Warren G, and Boi-1da. According to the magazine Rolling Stone Snoop Dogg claimed that work on the album was completed back in July 2008.
After another delay associated with producing albums Before I Self Destruct and Relapse – Eminem and 50 Cent’a respectively – the release date was moved again, now at the end of 2009. In early 2009, Yang produces and performs as a guest in the song Eminem «Crack a Bottle», which in the first week after its appearance downloaded more than 419,000 people She also won first place in the Billboard Hot 100 chart February 12, 2009 ..
October 3, 2009, The Game on his page on Twitter posted a photo sharing (see. On the right) and wrote:
You can say «Detox»? Together with Dre and Snoop, we are going to bring to mind a crowd of people. Tusuytes with us, or we will move you! Aftermath or death!
In early October 2009 interview with ABC News Dre admitted only album, I worked 10 years, it is «Detox». I hope I finish it before the end of the year, and you can hear it in the next year
At the end of 2010, Dre again promised release of the album; 1 single was – Kush with the participation of Snoop Dogg and Akon; Soon came a pirate version of the song I Need a Doctor. And so, in early 2011 finally came two singles, and the album itself expect very soon. Clip I Need a Doctor, with the participation of Eminem appeared online February 24, 2011 (in which Dre compares his creative lull which began in 2001 with the accident and coma, out of which helps him to Eminem, once helped him to Dre, mainly consists clip flashbacks of life Dre).
Careers in Film
Dre’s debut in the movie took place in 1996. He played a weapons dealer in the film Set It Off. In 2001, Young has also starred in the tapes Wash and Training Day (Training Day). In February 2007 it was announced that Dre sprodyusiruet comedy and horror films for New Line Cinema. Young once said: Cinema I care, because I had a few roles. Ultimately I want to try his hand at directing.
Together with Ice Cube, Dre is planning to make a documentary film about NWA
In July 2008, Dre released his brand of headphones Beats by Dr. Dre. Headphones made by Monster. Yang also plans to release «Aftermath Cognac and vodka» within the exit time Detox ‘a. In 2009, Dre and HP agreed to include in the scope of notebooks HP Beats by Dr. Dre. The deal was announced on October 9, 2009 at a press conference in Santa Monike.Novy laptop presented as HP ENVY 14 Beats limited edition, will be available from October 22, 2009, while standing $ 2,299. In addition to the laptop, headphones are included with the signature Dre. September 14, 2011 the company HTC, which is one of the largest manufacturers of smartphones, today announced the HTC Sensation XE smartphone based operating system Android, equipped with audio Beats by Dr. Dre.
Musical influence and style
Attitude to work
Dre has repeatedly argued that he was a perfectionist, and requires the full devotion of musicians. In 2006, Snoop Dogg gave an interview to the site where he said that one day Dre made overwrite singer of the vocal song 107 times. Yang also said that Eminem is also a perfectionist and his success on Aftermath held by this.
The consequence of this perfectionism – that some musicians who originally signed a deal with the label Dre never release albums. In 2001, Aftermath released the soundtrack to The Wash. In his notes taken such rappers as: Shaunta, Daks, Joe Beast and Toi. To date, none of these musicians has not released a full length album. Nevertheless, cooperation with the Aftermath not broken.
However, all get a chance to express themselves. While Dre worked on Death Row records, his stepbrother Warren G and Tha Dogg Pound did a lot of compilations for the first album Young – The Chronic and for their debut album Snoop Dogg’a Doggystyle.
One day, Scott Storch, a Canadian producer of the famous work on their second album in 2001 Dre said in an interview with Rolling Stone: When I first saw Dre, I thought that he needed something. He needed a push, fuel injection, he used me as nitrous oxide. He has engaged me in a new combination, where the sound of the piano holistically integrated into the overall mood. So I was on the keyboard, Mike Elizondo on bass and Dre himself on a drum machine.
In November 2003, in an article in the magazine The Source group of former partners on the label Dre complained they did not receive enough money for the work. Produced by Neff-U claimed that he worked on the songs «Say What You Say» and «My Dad’s Gone Crazy» from the album The Eminem Show, as well as bonus tracks «If I Can not» and «Back Down» of Get Rich or Die Tryin ‘.
While Snoop Dogg and has a business relationship with Warren G and Daz, which are not considered participants in the production of The Chronic, Dre that is capable of doing bits without any help. It should be noted that prominent members of the studio Aftermath, including Scott Storch, Elizondo, Mark Batson and Devon Parker, were mentioned in the co-produced records and instrumentals where Dre acts as a producer.
It is also widely recognized that most lyrics Dre written for him by others, although it retains ultimate control over the lyrics and theme songs. With regard to this, one of the producers said in an interview Aftermath Scratch: It’s like a school class. He’s got three students who write to him. And he was as a teacher says “Change this line, change the word”. That’s the way it checks the lyrics.
Marriage and family
Do Dre have 4 sons and one daughter. The first son – Curtis Young, also known as rapper Hood Surgeon. The second son Dre – Andre Young Jr., from Dzhenity losses – died at age 20 from an overdose of morphine and heroin.
From 1990 to 1996, Yang met with Michelle, vocalist Death Row. In 1991, Michelle gave birth to a third son Dre – Marseille. In 1996, Dre married Nicole Threatt. Dre and Nicole have two children together: son Coward (Eng. Truth (born in 1997) and daughter Truly (Eng. Truly) (born in 2001).
In 2001, Dr. Dre earned about $ 52 million by selling part of Aftermath Entertainment label Interscope Records. Then Rolling Stone magazine declared rapper one of the highest paid musician of the year (after U2). In 2004, Dr. Dre was in this ranking have a 44 place with an annual income of 11.4 million, and in 2008 its earnings amounted to $ 15 million, according to the magazine Forbes.
Awards and nominations
«Let Me Ride» – Grammy Award for “Best Rap Solo Performance” – 1994.
«California Love» – Grammy Award for “Best Vocal Rap Performance by a Duo or Group” (together c 2Pac) – 1997.
«No Diggity» – Grammy Award for “Best Vocal R & B-Performance by a Duo or Group” (with Blackstreet and Queen Pen) – 1998
«Forgot About Dre» – Grammy Award for “Best Vocal Rap Performance by a Duo or Group” – 2001 | (together with Eminem)
«Still DRE» – Grammy Award for “Best Vocal Rap Performance by a Duo or Group” (together with Snoop Dogg)
«The Marshall Mathers LP» – Grammy Award for “Best Rap Album” – 2001 (with Eminem)
Grammy Award for “Best Producer of the Year” – 2001.
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