Avocado or Perseus American (lat. Persea americana) – kind of evergreen fruit plants of the genus Perseus Laurel family, the type species of the genus; important fruit crop. The fruits of the plants also have the name of avocado; the flesh of the fruit is rich in vitamins and essential minerals.
English vernacular name of the plant and fruit – alligator pear («alligator pear”).
Unlike most fruits, avocados are not so sweet and more like a vegetable. Rod “alligator pear” from South America, although we often bring them out of Israel. The first Europeans discovered the green pear Spaniards, and that we owe them the name “avocado”, which is similar in sound to “advocate” has nothing in common. The Spaniards were not under force to utter the word Aztec ahuacatl, and they called it aguacate, which in turn has proven difficult for other European nations, and it was transformed in the usual avocado. Indian name is too descriptive, but as pears in the Americas did not yet know the name of fruit given in the form similar to … the male genitals. Perhaps that is why avocados has long been considered an aphrodisiac.
Avocado belongs to the same group of plants as laurel, camphor and cinnamon. For ripening fruits need a lot of sun, heat and water. There are over 400 species of avocado that vary in color, shape, weight and oil content. Avocados can reach weights of up to two kilograms, but commercial varieties do not exceed 250 grams. By the way, avocado easily grown at home: it is enough to plant a seed in moist soil and place the pot in a warm light place – about a month will sprout, and the first fruits in 2-3 years. Ripe avocado has a slight nutty taste and the consistency of slightly softened butter. In appearance it is difficult to determine the ripeness of avocados, but that maturity is a crucial factor, as the pulp of the fruit matured hard and almost no taste
(As well as in immature pears) and become overripe oily and mushy. Ripe fruit is firm to the touch, but when pressing a finger gently peel prominaetsya. To be sure, better to buy unripe fruit – 2-3 days he dospeet. To expedite the process, put avocados in a paper bag with an apple or banana. To stop further maturation process, store avocados on the top shelf of the refrigerator, but the temperature should not be lower than 6 ° C. Avocado can also be frozen, it needs to remove the seeds and peel, crush the pulp with a fork and mix well with a teaspoon of lemon juice. Lemon juice prevents darkening of the pulp. If you only use half an avocado, then the second (with bone) can be stored for 1-2 days in the fridge, sprinkle it with lemon juice and wrapped in plastic wrap.
Avocado – a valuable supplier of energy and minerals, the birthplace of the fruit, in South America, there is still a tradition to give beautifully packaged fruit avocado birthday. Avocados are very rich fruit, as well as a banana, which can be compared with the slowly consumable fuel, making it an ideal source of energy for athletes. Avocado is a leader on the fat content from other fruit (depending on the grade of 5-30%), second only to coconut, but the main part consists of digestible monounsaturated fats. From overripe avocados produced valuable oil that is used in cooking and especially widely in cosmetics. The avocado is very low sugar content (about 1.5%), making it an ideal fruit for diabetics. Avocado is rich in potassium, which is required by the body for generation and transmission of nerve impulses, muscle normal functioning of the system, and is also important to maintain water balance at the cellular level. Additionally, avocados contains iron, copper, magnesium, calcium and phosphorus. Not deprived of “alligator pear” and vitamins A, C, E, F and Group B. Due predominance of monounsaturated fats and the presence of antioxidants (vitamins C and E), avocados can be recommended for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Monounsaturated fats help to reduce “bad” LDL cholesterol and raise “good» HDL. Because of its low sodium content in avocados, it can be recommended for people with high blood pressure.
Avocados are used in salads, sauces and soups, it can be added to milk shakes and infant formula for feeding. There are many ways razdelyvaniya avocado, but the easiest is the following: Cut the avocado lengthwise, turning the knife around the bone, expand incised halves in opposite directions – the fruit is divided into two halves, and the bone remains in one of them. Bone removed easily podkovyrnuv her spoon the pulp and is easily separated from the skin with a spoon. Due to its neutral taste avocado easily combined with many products: ham, shrimp, crab sticks, boiled eggs and so on. The flesh of a ripe avocado can be simply spread on bread and lightly salt the, in South America it is made into ice cream, and in Indonesia is mixed with coffee, milk and rum added in cocktails.

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